Categories: Techno

Development of computer generation after 1940

History of computer development-nowadays computer technology is not separated from all fast-paced activiti
es. From year to year computer media has always experienced a rapid growth.

Here the admin will share the development article of Computer generation after 1994. So tha

t the history of computer development is not forgotten. And at least to remind the succeeding generations.

1. First-generation computer (1940-1959).

This first-generation computer uses a vacuum tube to process and store data. This to

ol becomes fast hot and flammable, therefore thousands of vacuum tubes are required to perform the entire computer operation. This tool

also requires a lot of electric power that causes electrical disturbances in the surrounding area. This first generation computer is 100% electronic and helps experts solve calculation problems quickly and precisely.

2. Second-generation computers (1959-1964)

in 1948, the discovery of transistors greatly influenced the development of computers. The Transistor replaces the vacuum tubes on television, radio, and computers. Consequently, the size of the electric machines decreases d

rastically. Transistors began to be used in computers starting in 1956. Another invention of the development of magnetic-core memory helps to develop a smaller, faster, more reliable, and more energy-efficient second-generation computer than its predecessors. The f

irst machine to utilize this new technology was the supercomputer. IBM created a supercomputer called Stretch, and Sprery-Rand created a computer called LARC. These computers, developed for Atomic Energy laboratories, can handle large amounts of data. These machi

nes are very expensive and tend to be too complex for business computing needs, thereby limiting its popularity. There are only two LARCS ever installed and used: one at Lawrence Radiation Labs in Livermore, California, and the other at the U.S. Navy Research and Development Center in Washington D.C. the seco

nd generation computer replaces the machine language with assembly language. Assembly language is a language that uses abbreviations to replace binary code. In the early 1960's, it began to emerge a second-generation computer that was successful in the field of business, at university

, and in government. These second-generation computers are computers that fully use transistors. They also have components that can be associated with a computer at this time: printers, storage in diskette, memory, operating system, and programs.

3. Third-generation computer (1964-early 80

s) although transistors in many respects outperform vacuum tubes, the transistor generates considerable heat, which can potentially damage the internal parts of the computer. Quartz Stone (quartz rock) to the problem. Jack

Kilby, an engineer at Texas Instrument, developed an integrated circuit (IC: Integrated circuit) in the year 1958. The IC combines three electronic components in a small silicone disc made of quartz sand. The scientist then managed to incorporate more components into a single chip called a semiconductor. As a result

, the computer becomes smaller because components can be compacted in chips. Another third generation computer advancement is the use of operating system (Operating System) which allows the machine to run different programs simultaneously with a main program that monitors and coordinates the computer's memory.

4. Fourth-generation computers (early 8

0s) after IC, development objectives become clearer: reducing the size of circuits and electrical components. Large Scale Integration (LSI) can load hundreds of components in a chip. I

n the 1980's, Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) contained thousands of components in a single chip. Ultra-Large Scale Integration (ULSI) increases that amount to millions. The ability to install such a lot of components in a chip that is measuring half the metal money pushes down the price and size of the computer. It

also enhances the work power, efficiency and reliability of the computer. The Intel 4004 Chip created in 1971 brings progress on IC by putting all the components of a computer (central processing Unit, memory, and input/output control) in a very small ch

ip. Previously, IC was made to work on certain specific tasks. Now, a microprocessor can be produced and then programmed to meet all the desired needs. Not long after, every household device such as microwave oven, television, car DN with electronic fuel injection equipped with microprocessor.

5. Fifth-generation computer (future) Many ad

vances in the field of computer design and technology are increasingly enabling the creation of a fifth-generation computer. Two engineering advances are primarily parallel processing capabilities, which will replace the non Neuman model. Non Neumann models will be replaced with a system capable of coordinating many CPUS to work in unison. Anothe

r advancement is the superconductor technology that enables the electrical flow without any obstacles, which can accelerate the speed of information. Japan is a famous country in the socialization of jargon and fifth-generation computer projects. Institute for new Computer Technology (ICOT) was also formed to define it. A lot of th

e news states that this project has failed, but some other information that the success of this fifth generation computer project will bring about a new change of the computerized paradigm in the world. We wait for what information is more valid and fruitful.

So info about the development of computers until here first, hopefully this article is useful. Thanks for your visit don't forget share to friends maybe there are friends in need. Sou



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